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Installing a Home Ethernet
Installing a Home Ethernet
Abstract: So you have an ethernet and the wires are all over the place - what can be done to fix that mess?
Get a drill and get ready to make some holes in the walls!

 Manufacturer  Category  Published  Author 
FrostyTech   Networking   Mar 10, 2000   Max Page  

Home > Reviews > Page: Attaching the wire

Attaching the wire:

With all the lengths of Cat5 in place from the hub to their specific locations it was time to attach each to the wall. We used wire ties and clipped the Ethernet wire onto existing phone and TV cable along the side of our test location, in part to make everything look nicer, and in part to protect the Cat5 from damage.

We use diagonal wire snips to cut our Cat5 and the wire ties.

The benefit of following existing wires comes into play here especially well. Securing the newly installed Cat-5 was made significantly easier by running it with existing wire on the outside. A couple cable ties later we were done. One important thing to note, is that when securing Ethernet cable with cable ties it is important to not crush the wires or otherwise deform the general shape. Doing so can impact the lines' signal quality.

With all the wires fed through to the correct holes in the wall, and all the cable secured so it was neat and tidy it was time to seal the holes. Leaving a hole in the wall is draft maker for sure, and can be an inviting place for insects. We used a good bunch of silicon caulk, injected into the hole, and around the wire to seal things. When doing this with brick it is a good idea to blow away as much dust as you can to provide a clean surface for the caulk to grip on.

The only job left to do was on the inside. We chose to install RJ-45 jacks for patch cables to plug into rather then just leaving the length of cable lying free with an RJ-45 plug. Wire was cut to about a foot away from the wall on the inside, and the blue covering stripped off with a knife. We were careful not to over cut and damage the wires.

Stripping off about 1/2" of insulation from each of the eight individual wires, they were then connected to the receptacle. The best way I've found to attach a bare copper wire to a screw-in connector is either to wrap the wire around the screw in a counterclockwise direction or, slide the wire beneath a washer and then tighten. The first method will ensure that as the screw is tightened it pulls the wire in tightly, the second will securely clamp down on the wire between the washers.

For a straight-through (568A type) Ethernet wire the coloured wires should be ordered in the following manner from left to right: white green, green, white-orange, blue, white-blue, orange, white-brown, brown. For a crossover cable (568B type) they should be arranged: white-orange, orange, white-green, blue, white-blue, green, white-brown, brown.

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Table of Contents:

 1:  Installing a Home Ethernet
 2:  Running wire on the outside
 3: — Attaching the wire
 4:  Tools and Conclusions

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